Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

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  2. Birds
  3. Birds of prey
  4. Peregrine Falcon


The peregrine falcon suffered from persecution and pesticide poisoning in the early 20th century and until recently was only found in the north and west of the country. Over the last couple of decades they have been doing very well and in recent years they have found some unusual nest sites; including Derby Cathedral and the BT Tower in Birmingham! These tall, city structures replicate the precipitous cliff edges that they would naturally nest on.

How to identify

The peregrine is our biggest falcon; dark slate-grey above and white below with black bars. It has a white throat and cheeks and a strong, black moustache and mask.

Where to find it

Nests in the highlands of North and South West England, Wales and Scotland, on coastal cliffs and increasingly on buildings and in quarries throughout the country.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Like many of our birds of prey, the peregrine falcon was severely persecuted in the UK. Thankfully, peregrines are now increasing in number and can even be spotted in our towns and cities. To ensure their continued success, The Wildlife Trusts work closely with developers, farmers and landowners to promote wildlife-friendly practices. We are working towards a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

Species information

Common name
Peregrine Falcon
Latin name
Falco peregrinus
Birds of prey
Length: 40-54cm Wingspan: 1m Weight: 670-1,100g Average Lifespan: 6 years
Conservation status
Common. Listed under CITES Appendix II.