Bucephala clangula


The male Goldeneye is a handsome diving duck. Apart from a small breeding population in the highlands of Scotland, most Goldeneye only spend the winter in this country, particularly on larger lakes and reservoirs. Goldeneye never really gather in large numbers like other duck species do.

How to identify

The male Goldeneye is a black and white duck, with a large, domed head and a yellow eye. It has a black head with a green sheen and a white spot in between the eye and bill. Females are grey with a brown head and a yellow eye.

Where to find it

A rare nesting bird in the highlands of Scotland, and an uncommon winter visitor to lakes and reservoirs throughout the country.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Britain is an important stopover for many wintering migrant species, so it is vital that we protect the places they rely on. But the survival of our waterbirds is threatened by the loss and degradation of many of our wetland habitats. The Wildlife Trusts manage many wetland nature reserves for the benefit of the wildlife they support. You can help by supporting your local Trust and becoming a member; you'll find out about exciting wildlife happenings, events on your doorstep and volunteering opportunities, and be helping local wildlife along the way.

Species information

Common name
Latin name
Bucephala clangula
Length: 40-48cm Wingspan: 72cm Weight: 750-1,000g Average Lifespan: 6 years
Conservation status
Classified in the UK as an Amber List species under the Birds of Conservation Concern review.